The Official History of the FIFA World Cup Book, revised and updated to include a full report on the outstanding FIFA World Cup Russia, is an authoritative. Der Weltfußballverband FIFA veranstaltet und vermarktet das Turnier unter dem offiziellen Label FIFA World Cup bzw. FIFA Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft. This blog post was authored by Igor Peev, Senior Program Manager who enjoys working on challenging projects that deliver new, innovative ways to analyze.
Fußball-WeltmeisterschaftThe Official History of the FIFA World Cup Book, revised and updated to include a full report on the outstanding FIFA World Cup Russia, is an authoritative. Die FIFA Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft fand erstmals statt, als die FIFA, der weltweite Fußballverband, beschloss, ein internationales Männerfußballturnier im Zeitalter von FIFA-Präsident Jules Rimet auszurichten, der diese Idee umsetzte. The FIFA World Cup, eften simply the Warld Cup, is an internaitional association fitbaa competeetion contestit bi.
World Cup History World Cup by continents VideoThe BIGGEST Upsets in World Cup History
At the Summer Olympics in London , football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Association FA , England's football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition.
Great Britain represented by the England national amateur football team won the gold medals. They repeated the feat at the Summer Olympics in Stockholm.
The Lipton tournament was a championship between individual clubs not national teams from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation.
The competition is sometimes described as The First World Cup ,  and featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy, Germany and Switzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined the offer to send a professional team.
West Auckland won the tournament and returned in to successfully defend their title. In , FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for managing the event.
Those were also the first two open world championships, as was the start of FIFA's professional era. Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with President Jules Rimet as the driving force, again started looking at staging its own international tournament outside of the Olympics.
The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for European sides.
Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet eventually persuaded teams from Belgium , France , Romania , and Yugoslavia to make the trip.
The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 13 July , and were won by France and the US , who defeated Mexico 4—1 and Belgium 3—0 respectively.
The issues facing the early World Cup tournaments were the difficulties of intercontinental travel, and war. Brazil was the only South American team to compete in both.
The and competitions, which Germany and Brazil sought to host,  were cancelled due to World War II and its aftermath. The World Cup , held in Brazil , was the first to include British participants.
British teams withdrew from FIFA in , partly out of unwillingness to play against the countries they had been at war with, and partly as a protest against foreign influence on football,  but rejoined in following FIFA's invitation.
In the tournaments between and , 16 teams competed in each tournament, except in , when Austria was absorbed into Germany after qualifying, leaving the tournament with 15 teams, and in , when India , Scotland , and Turkey withdrew, leaving the tournament with 13 teams.
These teams were usually defeated easily by the European and South American teams. Until , the only teams from outside Europe and South America to advance out of the first round were: USA , semi-finalists in ; Cuba , quarter-finalists in ; North Korea , quarter-finalists in ; and Mexico , quarter-finalists in The tournament was expanded to 24 teams in ,  and then to 32 in ,  also allowing more teams from Africa, Asia and North America to take part.
Since then, teams from these regions have enjoyed more success, with several having reached the quarter-finals: Mexico , quarter-finalists in ; Cameroon , quarter-finalists in ; South Korea , finishing in fourth place in ; Senegal , along with USA , both quarter-finalists in ; Ghana , quarter-finalists in ; and Costa Rica , quarter-finalists in Nevertheless, European and South American teams continue to dominate, e.
It cannot be that the European and South American confederations lay claim to the majority of the berths at the World Cup. He said: "[The World Cup is] not based on the quality of the teams because you don't have the best 32 at the World Cup It's a political matter so why not have more Africans?
The competition is to bring all the people of all the world. If you don't give the possibility to participate, they don't improve.
In late May, the US Department of Justice announced a count indictment with charges of racketeering, wire fraud and money laundering conspiracy against 14 people.
Men's football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except and Unlike many other sports, the men's football tournament at the Olympics is not a top-level tournament, and since , an under tournament with each team allowed three over-age players.
The U tournament serves as a dress rehearsal for the larger competition. In , Brazil 's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the trophy permanently.
However, the trophy was stolen in and has never been recovered, apparently melted down by the thieves. The experts of FIFA, coming from seven countries, evaluated the 53 presented models, finally opting for the work of the Italian designer Silvio Gazzaniga.
From the remarkable dynamic tensions of the compact body of the sculpture rise the figures of two athletes at the stirring moment of victory.
This new trophy is not awarded to the winning nation permanently. World Cup winners retain the trophy only until the post-match celebration is finished.
They are awarded a gold-plated replica rather than the solid gold original immediately afterwards. Currently, all members players, coaches, and managers of the top three teams receive medals with an insignia of the World Cup Trophy ; winners' gold , runners-up' silver , and third-place bronze.
In the edition , fourth-place medals were awarded to hosts South Korea. Before the tournament, medals were only awarded to the eleven players on the pitch at the end of the final and the third-place match.
In November , FIFA announced that all members of World Cup-winning squads between and were to be retroactively awarded winners' medals.
Since , winners of the competition are also awarded the right to wear the FIFA Champions Badge , up until the time at which the winner of the next competition is decided.
Since the second World Cup in , qualifying tournaments have been held to thin the field for the final tournament.
For each tournament, FIFA decides the number of places awarded to each of the continental zones beforehand, generally based on the relative strength of the confederations' teams.
The qualification process can start as early as almost three years before the final tournament and last over a two-year period.
The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations. Usually, one or two places are awarded to winners of intercontinental play-offs.
For example, the winner of the Oceanian zone and the fifth-placed team from the Asian zone entered a play-off for a spot in the World Cup.
This right was also granted to the defending champions between and , but was withdrawn from the FIFA World Cup onward, requiring the champions to qualify.
Brazil , winners in , were the first defending champions to play qualifying matches. The current final tournament has been used since and features 32 national teams competing over the course of a month in the host nation s.
There are two stages: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within eight groups of four teams each.
Since , constraints have been applied to the draw to ensure that no group contains more than two European teams or more than one team from any other confederation.
Each group plays a round-robin tournament , in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group.
This means that a total of six matches are played within a group. The last round of matches of each group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams.
Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Since , three points have been awarded for a win , one for a draw and none for a loss before, winners received two points.
However, of these combinations lead to ties between the second and third places. In such case, the ranking among these teams is determined as follows: .
The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary.
It begins with the round of 16 or the second round in which the winner of each group plays against the runner-up of another group. This is followed by the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the third-place match contested by the losing semi-finalists , and the final.
On 10 January , FIFA approved a new format, the team World Cup to accommodate more teams , which consists of 16 groups of three teams each, with two teams qualifying from each group, to form a round of 32 knockout stage, to be implemented by The locations were controversial because South America and Europe were by far the two centres of strength in football and travel between them required three weeks by boat.
The decision to hold the first World Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing. The decision to hold the second of these in France was disputed, as the South American countries understood that the location would alternate between the two continents.
This is done under an exhaustive ballot system. The national football association of a country desiring to host the event receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the steps and requirements that are expected from a strong bid.
The bidding association also receives a form, the submission of which represents the official confirmation of the candidacy.
After this, a FIFA designated group of inspectors visit the country to identify that the country meets the requirements needed to host the event and a report on the country is produced.
T here is nothing in football that can compare with the World Cup. Even though the UEFA Champions League may produce games of the same quality, it can't overreach the status earned from the long tradition and the fact that one team represent a whole country.
No other sport event can compete in significance: the latest FIFA World Cup reached over three billion television viewers worldwide and one billion watched the final.
Before the World Cup was inaugurated, the football tournament arranged as part of the Summer Olympics was given the most prestige. But in the s, the game was facing a transition to professionalism that wasn't consistent with the Olympic spirit.
Brazil's Ronaldo yellow shirt maneuvering around opposing German players during the final match of the World Cup, held in Yokohama, Japan; Brazil defeated Germany, 2—0.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. That same year, the country also hosted the Asian Games in Pusan. Without membership in FIFA, the British national teams were not invited to the first three competitions , , and For the next competition, held in , FIFA ruled that the two best finishers in….
Uruguay were surprise victors over hosts Brazil with a final score of 2—1 the game would later be known as Maracanazo , and became champions for the second time.
This game also held the record for the highest attendance at any sporting match, at roughly , The World Cup , held in Switzerland, was the first to be televised.
The Soviet Union did not participate because of their dismal performance at the Summer Olympics. Scotland made their first appearance in the tournament, but were unable to register a win, going out after the group stage.
This tournament set a number of all-time goal-scoring records, including highest average goals per game and highest-scoring team Hungary , and most goals in a single match Austria's 7—5 quarter-final victory over Switzerland.
West Germany were the tournament winners, defeating Olympic champions Hungary 3—2 in the final, overturning a 2—0 deficit in the process, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winner.
The match is known as the Miracle of Bern in Germany. Brazil won the World Cup , held in Sweden, and became the first team to win a World Cup outside their home continent only 4 teams have done this to date — Brazil in , , and , Argentina in , Spain in and Germany in The Soviet Union participated this time, most likely due to their win at Melbourne For the first and so far only time, all four British teams qualified for the final round.
This prompted FIFA to rule that qualification without playing was not allowed despite allowing this to happen in earlier years of the Cup , and so Israel were ordered to play against one of the teams finishing second in the other groups.
A tie was created, and Wales defeated Israel 2—0 twice in It was the first and so far the only time that a country played a World Cup final round after having been eliminated in the regular qualifiers.
French striker Just Fontaine became the top scorer of the tournament. Chile hosted the World Cup. Two years before the tournament, an earthquake struck, the largest ever recorded at 9.
Also, the Soviet Union saw their goalkeeper Lev Yashin show poor form including a 2—1 loss to hosts Chile as the hosts captured third place.
The competition was also marred by overly defensive and often violent tactics. This poisonous atmosphere culminated in what was known as the Battle of Santiago first round match between Italy and Chile in which Chile won 2—0.
Prior to the match, two Italian journalists wrote unflattering articles about the host country. In the match, players on both sides made deliberate attempts to harm opponents though only two players from Italy were sent off by English referee Ken Aston.
In the end, the Italian team needed police protection to leave the field in safety. The World Cup , hosted by England, was the first to embrace marketing, featuring a mascot and official logo for the first time.
The trophy was stolen in the run-up to the tournament but was found a week later by a dog named "Pickles".
The qualifying rounds of the tournament saw a controversy when the African nations decided to withdraw in protest of only one qualifying place allocated by FIFA to the regions of Asia, Oceania and Africa.
The eventual qualifiers from the zone, North Korea , became the first Asian team to reach the quarter-finals, eliminating Italy in the process.
The finals were held in Mexico. Israel had been with Europe, but due to political issues, it was becoming harder to place them adequately in the qualifying rounds.
Korea DPR then refused to meet them, even though this meant automatic disqualification. The tournament is also remembered for the semi-final match between Italy and West Germany, in which five goals were scored in extra time , and Franz Beckenbauer played with a broken arm, since Germany had used up all their allowed substitutions.
Italy were the eventual 4—3 winners, but were defeated 1—4 in the final by Brazil, who became the first nation to win three World Cups, and were awarded the Jules Rimet trophy permanently for their achievement.
A new trophy was created for the edition , held in West Germany. East Germany , Haiti , Australia and Zaire made their first finals. The tournament also saw a new format, where the two top teams from each of the earlier four groups were divided into two groups of four each again, the winner of either group playing each other in the final.
The West German hosts won the competition by beating the Netherlands 2—1 in the final, but it was also the revolutionary Total Football system of the Dutch that captured the footballing world's imagination.
The very well-playing Poland finished third, after defeating Brazil 1—0 and after defeating Argentina 3—2 and eliminating Italy 2—1 in the initial group play , having barely lost in terrible rain in the semi-finals to West Germany 0—1.
The World Cup was held in Argentina, causing controversy as a military coup had taken place in the country two years earlier. Allegations that Dutch star Johan Cruyff refused to participate because of political convictions were refuted by him 30 years later.
This was the hardest ever World Cup finals to qualify for. With 95 teams vying for 14 places the holders and hosts qualified automatically , there were nearly seven countries competing for each place in Argentina.
Hungary won their European group but had to win a play-off against Bolivia to qualify, while England were eliminated despite winning five of their six qualifying matches.
Iran and Tunisia were first time participants. Tunisia won their first match against Mexico 3—1 and became the first African team to ever win a world cup game.
There was some on-field controversy as well. During the second round, Argentina had an advantage in their match against Peru since the kick off was several hours after Brazil's match with Poland.
Brazil won their match 3—1, so Argentina knew that they had to beat Peru by four goals to advance to the final.
Trailing 2—0 at half-time, Peru simply collapsed in the second half, and Argentina eventually won 6—0.
Rumors suggested that Peru might have been bribed into allowing Argentina to win the match by such a large margin. Argentina went on to win the final 3—1, Mario Kempes scoring twice, with the Dutch being runners-up for the second time in a row.
Spain hosted an expanded World Cup which featured 24 teams, the first expansion since The teams were divided into six groups of four, with the top two teams in each group advancing to the second round, where they split into four groups of three.
The winners of each group advanced to the semi-finals. The group match between Kuwait and France was stage of a farcical incident. As the French were leading 3—1, the Kuwaiti team stopped playing after hearing a whistle from the stands which they thought had come from referee, as French defender Maxime Bossis scored.
As the Kuwaiti team were protesting the goal, Sheikh Fahid Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, president of the Kuwait Football Association , rushed onto the pitch and gave the referee a piece of his mind, who proceeded to disallow the goal.
Bossis scored another valid goal a few minutes later and France won 4—1.The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 13 July , and were won by France and the US, who defeated Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The first goal in World Cup history was scored by Lucien Laurent of France. We can't tell you that, but we can tell you who won each of the first 20 World Cups, dating back to the inaugural tournament in To get you set for Russia , here's a World Cup. Celebrate the history of the Women’s World Cup ahead of the eagerly-awaited eighth edition kicking off on 7 June with our Classic page. To visit our tournament landing pages, head to the. First World Cup On July 13, , France defeats Mexico and the United States defeats Belgium in the first-ever World Cup football matches, played simultaneously in host city Montevideo. The FIFA World Cup was first held in , when FIFA, the world's football governing body, decided to stage an international men's football tournament under the era of FIFA president Jules Rimet who put this idea into place. The inaugural edition, held in , was contested as a final tournament of only thirteen teams invited by the organization. Since then, the World Cup has experienced successive expansions and format remodeling, with its current team final tournament preceded by a two-yea.